Aqueduct of Silver Water
1- It is one of the most impressive works of architecture and engineering of the sixteenth century.
2-It is one of the finest aqueducts Portugal.
3-It has a wonderful pedestrian trail between the city walls of Evora and its source in Grace Divor.
4-The Aqueduct of Silver Water on your route has architectural objects of great value:
a)Monumental Fountain at Praca do Giraldo
b) Fountain of the Doors of Mora
c)Water Box by Francisco de Arruda
d)Aqueduct in the street of the Pipes.
and)Excerpt from the Fifth Torralva on the road to Arraiolos.
5-It is an integral part of Historic Centre of Évora included in the World Heritage Site list and is classified as a National Monument.
The love for the water is a constant in human history, and, cyclically, assumes expressions that go beyond the merely utilitarian to reach almost deification. The source is, sometimes, surrounded an architectural space, as in a temple, where dignified and dominated is able to establish with man a purifying communication, refreshing, Mirror ideas, saciadora Wish, venue with the human and the sacred. So in addition to utility character of the aqueduct, some of its sections and objects were built with monumental apparatus, aesthetic and symbolic.
The sixteenth-century humanism, with the resumption of the great classical themes, rethinking of man and nature, this revives worship of water, the Aqueduct of Silver Water translates all this
In the reigns of John II and Manuel I the construction of the aqueduct of Silver Water has been widely discussed.
In the first decades of the sixteenth century the supply of drinking water to Évora was clearly insufficient, mainly in the summer months. With the aggravating circumstance that the lack of water facilitated the onset of fever with its tragic and deadly consequences. It is important to consider that the city of Évora had suffered in the previous three decades epidemics over with tragic repercussions (1495, 1509, 1523).
In the years 30 sixteenth century, Dom João III mobilized significant technical resources, human and financial resources to provide the city with the most extensive and complex hydraulic engineering project of its time. For the construction of the Aqueduct of Silver Water the financial contribution of the nobility of Évora was requested. The possibility of having existed another aqueduct is considered, more or less superimposed on the sixteenth-century aqueduct, during the Roman times, when Evora was called Ébora Liberalitas Iulia.
The Aqueduct of Silver Water was opened in 1537, was built in the reign of John III and designed and built by the royal architect Francisco de Arruda and is a symbol of the heyday of Évora as the second city in the sectional Country.
The aqueduct carries water from springs located in Grace Divor, that to the city of Évora along cerca de 19 Km. The aqueduct is one of the few this season that continues to operate today, contributing to the supply of the city.
The name of the aqueduct is "Silver Water", derives perhaps because the construction was quite costly (would cost many bucks), or because its waters are crystal clear and pure, from the source where the Silver starts.
the construction of the Aqueduct of Silver Water in its initial path is discrete and has raised the greatest impact, it is hidden in an underground gallery occasionally marked by some small circular skylight and respirators. Here the source of André Resende it has to be lying immediately rehabilitated, with the risk of losing this is because he is so ruined. The aqueduct construction of the Aqueduct of Silver Water becomes majestic when it reaches the outskirts of the city. Then, its beautiful and well-equipped arcade perfect back rises and establishes itself in the landscape, taking the road of Arraiolos, its maximum splendor, underlined by the small tower of the central pillar, where the dome, even manufacture clipping, contrasts with the classical forms of the pilasters of shell motifs niches that house modern images of St. Bruno and St. Benedict, patrons of the neighboring monasteries.
However, the highest part of your arches, happens near the medieval walls in Evora, reaching that adjoins the street Cano stretch the height of approximately 26 meters.
Nowadays you can go the path of the aqueduct walk along a pedestrian path that is part of the environmental pathways of Évora. Offers the opportunity to enjoy the magnificent surrounding landscape, including aspects such as plant species, Use soil, organization of landscape and natural vegetation. Camões wrote about the aqueduct in his epic poem, The Lusiads: "Here the noble city, right seat Rebel Sertório antiguamente;
It's magnificent scenery that accompanies the aqueduct between the walls of Evora Fernandine and springs, in a valley near the Parish Church of Our Lady of Grace Divor (Évora), presents a diversity that passes through large areas of pasture and cereal crops in mosaic with thickets, as well as pure and mixed mounted cork and holm oak
Silver Water Aqueduct (Évora)
Where now the clear waters of argent,
Vem support of a terra longe, e people;
By Royal Arches, that hundred percent
The air is nobly alevantam;
Followed through and daring
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Silver Water Aqueduct (Évora)
The civilian nature of the construction of the Aqueduct of Silver Water was ennobled by some sections of undeniable artistic impact. For example, next to the church of St. Francis, existed until 1873 Real Closing Aqueduct, a Renaissance portico. Also on Geraldo Square, where the aqueduct ended, existed a source “adorned by marble lions” and associated with a Roman arch of triumph, both subsequently killed when Henriquina remodeling of the main town square and fountain replaced by the current source of the Praça do Geraldo.
Rua Nova de Santiago, Francisco de Arruda built a beautiful Renaissance Water Box, square-shaped and currently with two visible sides, with twelve Tuscan columns and large entablature, work that characterizes the greatest artistic commitment in some areas of the aqueduct and contrasts sharply with other parts of the route where utilitarianism construction overlapped to possible intentions more scholarly.
Over the centuries the aqueduct of Silver Water has undergone some changes between additions and demolitions. Most visible were the various fountains and fountains are deployed along the route city. In addition to the flagship termination on the Geraldo Square along the ancient Roman arch, is to highlight the Source of Ground Covas, work dated 1701. The period of urban renewal sponsored by Cardinal D. Henrique, also remains the Fountain Portas de Moura.
Who will fulfill the source André de Resende that threatens to undermine?
Here is the list of the most beautiful aqueducts Portugal:
Camões wrote about the aqueduct in his epic poem, The Lusiads:
"Here the noble city, right seat
Rebel Sertório antiguamente;
Aqueduct Mulberry – Elvas (***)