Castle Ansiães, Church of San Salvador and overview (Carrazeda Ansiães) – History and landscape in a unique space
The Castle Ansiães with its old medieval town, today only remnants of walls, its the Romanesque churches (a Church of San Salvador Ansiães, is one of the most beautiful in this style in northeastern) and scorching beauty of your landscape, make this place one of the most important Cultural tourism in Portugal.
A Little History of the Castle Ansiães
The choice of where to deploy the old village of Ansiães could not be more perfect strategically atop a hillock easy to defend (altitude, 810 m) with excellent natural conditions for defense. '
Archaeological excavations have shown that the occupation of Castle Ansiães if started about 5000 year ago, during the prehistoric Chalcolithic phase named.
Since then the castle had Ansiães successive occupational phases are witnessed by revealing interesting material traces of a long diachronic spanning the Bronze Age, the Iron Age and the entire process of Romanization of the trans territory.
"This vocation to natural defense is particularly important during Christian Reconquest.
At this point the Castle Ansiães gets its first charter letter. The document drawn up in the mid-century. XI by King Ferdinand I Leonean is one of the oldest charters in the geographic area defined by the current borders of the Portuguese territory.
During phase high-medieval, Castle Ansiães already had a long and reminiscent cultural heritage, decisive factor to structure as in the pivotal center of the river Douro fronteiriça.
In the twelfth, XIII, XIV and XV define an exponential growth period of this walled stronghold.
Afonso Henriques in 1160; Sancho I, 1198; Afonso II, 1219 and finally D. Manuel I em 1510 recognize and promulgate the provincial walled village Ansiães.
This first territorial enlargement reveals the growing importance of urban consolidation that the village had throughout the Middle Ages. But is that in the Middle Ages Ansiães imposes a strategically crucial area of Christian expansionism, thus acquiring urban status that reached its peak during the XIII and XIV centuries.
It is in this context that in 1277 o rei D. Alfonso III grant letter YOU fair. This was realized in the middle of each month and it lasted for a full day. The prerogative of this monarch testifies, somewhat, the strength and dynamics of growth during the late Middle Ages Ansiães hold in the region of Tras-os-Montes, being their fair, abreast of Bragança, Trás one of the few places where trade was established by a royal decree.. Nevertheless, the people of Ansiães proves to be peaceful and guided solely for the sake of national interest.
Because the people of Ansiães supports the cause of John I in crisis 1383-85 against the governor of the locality, João Rodrigues Port Carreiro, population Rebels, escorraça it and subsequently imposes a defeat in the chestnut Vilarinho (location that has a known adopt).
Banned the Port Carreiro, the people of Ansiães gains prestige in the eyes of the new dynasty. And when D. John I comes to power Location imposes itself once again as a leading center “urban” transmontana in region.
The position taken by ansianense people during the succession crisis, ao tomar ” voz for Portugal”, at the expense of other municipalities and gentlemen who are at the same height “bandearam” with Castile, was crucial to build in the eyes of the new monarch a strong reference to support your cause in the region of Tras-os-Montes.
For this reason, and during his reign were followed by a set of crisp acts as privileges granted recognition. So, in 1384 a royal decree obliged the inhabitants of Freixiel, Abreiro and Murça to compete for the removal of walls and towers Ansiães. When it is known, to this village estava mostly surrounded by walls consisting of stone slight, and are good men of the county who at the time were attending the monarch to claim a more monumental and defensive system consistent with the prestige that the town enjoyed in the region.
It is inferred from this that the monumental character of the defensive system that still has the old village was designed and built already very close to the end of the century. XIV.
The dynamic process that led to the monumentality of Ansiães witness its ancient prestige within the region transmontana, where throughout the Middle Ages was instituted as an important municipal space. The size and grandeur of this ancient village allow guessing golden moments of their secular development. However, The end of the century. XV, century and particularly. XVI, mark the beginning of a demographic transformation translated into increasingly sharp loss of importance of urban walled stronghold of Castle Ansiães, with the development of other localities that were the municipal territory.
In the following centuries this movement eventually worsen, culminating in the transfer of the Town Hall of Castle Ansiães to Carrazeda, act that occurred em 1734 because the old stomping live a fairly small number of people, thus giving beginning to abandon a site that was occupied continuously throughout 5.000 year "1.
Thanks: The Remarkable Portugal was housed in the magnificent rural housing Couple Tralhariz (Chestnut-Carrazeda Ansiães) and visited the Castle Ansiães, invitation to this great Hotel Rural supporting the turismo cultural.
1-Text adapted from the great site Interpretive Center Castle Ansiães.