Castle Sabugal. The donjon of the five machines is unique in Portugal.
The Castle Sabugal is a rugged fortress built in the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries. The keep of unusual height, elegance and format - the Tower of the Five Quinas - is unforgettable. Built on a hill overlooking the river Coa, entire monumental complex of medieval fortress is admirable.
History of the Castle of Sambucus
The hill where the implemented primitive nucleus of Sabugal, astride the river, have been inhabited by primitive peoples. There were Roman sure probably occupy one romanized populated.
The section of the Toro in width Castle Sabugal
Marcos Osorio archaeologist who has done a remarkable job in the county Sabugal, found in off the Castle of Sabugal, in 2006, an epigraph with the inscription CRISPIN/VS CRIS/(…) [Crispino, (son) Shouting (when?) (…)] that identifies the name of those who have erected ara; this is a bull and likely many sacrificial utensils. The bull was considered the quintessential offering of sacrifices in Roman religion, having been abundantly shown in currencies, sculptures, paintings and bas-reliefs.
Not Hillock of Fráguas (*) (Benespera-Guarda),very close to Sabugal, that alias has also complains, this space as its, there is a recorded title granite that records the sacrifice of various animals, between Ls, the bull, the deities lusitanas.
In the Middle Ages, there was founded a Christian town with towering castle and surrounding wall. According to legend, there was a transfer of the original settlement, the Old Sabugal, that was by the current Old Village, whose people have fled the plague of ants. amazing story that is an archetype in our territory, or means? As “ants” be sure an attacker people.
At the time of the Christian Reconquest of the Iberian Peninsula, the lands were Sambucus possibly initially won by D. Afonso Henriques in 1160, been lost soon after for the kingdom of Leon.
In 1296 Dom Dinis ranks Castle Sabugal, however its official possession for Portugal was secured only by Alcanices Treaty in 1297. The sovereign, thereafter, sought to consolidate these boundaries, doing rebuild the castles of Tailors, Almeida (***), Castelo Bom (*), Best Castle (*), Castelo Mendo (**), Castelo Rodrigo (**), Pinhel (*), Sambucus (**) and Vilar Maior (*). Start-up, in this context, the extension work and reform of Sabugal Castle, strengthening up the walls that won two large towers dominated by a tall tower of Homage. The works, reported by Pina, were completed in 1303. Is credited yet, this sovereign, the establishment, these areas, a couto of homiziados for settlement, privilege that was intended to attract settlers. Some documents confirm that this privilege was in force even in the late fifteenth century. Also by King Dinis, Nakara had charter letter.
It was in Sabugal castle that celebrated, in 1328, the betrothal of King Alfonso XI of Castile with our Infanta Maria, daughter of D. Afonso IV. But soon after the festivities, the same castle was repeatedly used by our king in the war that moved against his son in law, which lasted until the year 1340.
In the reign of D. Manuel I, the Castle Sabugal is figured by Duarte de Armas (Book of Strongholds, c. 1509), having received improvements to, completed in 1515, as epigraphic inscription over the main gate. It's worth a talk about lines Duarte d'Armas, I if I had time I would have been the Duarte de Armas, born about 1465 Lisbon, the Royal House squire, He ran through Portugal, to draw all the castles of Portugal, traveling, to adventures, finally this real story is really fantastic, which resulted in the work "Book of Fortresses that are located on the edge of Portugal and Castile» (c. 1509), edited demand D. Manuel I. The king instructed the author to survey all the fortifications that bordered Castile, Walk from the Castro Marim. The Castle of Sabugal was designed in two pans and a plant. Your notes, where you can see the location of Sabugal, They constitute a valuable contribution to the study of the medieval town and its evolution.
In the context of the War of Restoration, modernization works were made in its structure, even in the medieval Clock Tower. This in the seventeenth century there was held the poet and knight BRAS Garcia de Mascarenhas, famous for his adventures and worthy misadventure could be the greatest figure of Alexandre Dumas and also the author of the epic poem Viriato Tragic, natural village nobleman Grandfather (*).
In the early nineteenth century, in the context of the Peninsular War, aquartelou British and Portuguese troops have combat troops in Napoleonic, under the command of General Massena (April 1811), in the battle of Gravato, the last Napoleonic battle in Portuguese territory.
Subsequently abandoned and unprotected, its parade ground was used by the inhabitants of the village as a cemetery, of 1846 a 1927. Os inhabitants, started to remove stones from the walls to reuse them in their buildings.
From 1940 Castle has been the target of many interventions for restoration and consolidation, the most recent being the auditorium inside the Castle.
Structure of Castle Sambucus
Dominant, stands the castle, which has a quadrangular shape in plan. The top of the walls, in mixed unit of granite stone and shale, is traversed by a large battlement, protected merlons, where ripping troneiras. The battlement is accessed by four internal stairs. The walls are reinforced by three solid turrets at the angles, and one quarter, located in the center of the curtain wall at the southwest side. These towers are topped by pyramidal battlements, as well as the magnificent Tower of Homage, unusual height with pentagonal plant.
Tower of Five Quinas, there is only one in Portugal
The tower of the five corners is unique in Portugal, for its monumentality and height 38 meters and its pentagonal shape. Dinis had the taste of the concert as high towers. The interior of the tower of the Five Quinas, Gothic, is divided into three floors, with vaulted ceilings and ornate clasps for shells with national corners. The top compartment is illuminated by doors opening to balconies with boulders. Among the keep and tower east angle falls a crenellated balcony, guarding the main entrance to the parade ground. Inferiorly, outside the area, runs around the Barbican - defensive system that unites and strengthens the walls of the castle, also topped by massive battlements with openings cruzetada troneira. Support their walls in two small circular turrets, opening up around them a small portal arch ogival. The walls of the city limits disappeared, only subsisting Village Door, the Clock Tower and attached a section of the west wall. The conformation around the village had roughly oval.
For many, though small, this castle is the most beautiful of Portugal, I do not know if I consider him as such, but it is unquestionably remarkable.
Sabugal Castle is a National Monument, It is known for its five corners and is the most imposing medieval monument of Riba Coa region and symbolizes the strength of the people of the region.
Notes: This text was adapted from the article on the castle in Sabugal Wikipedia and congratulations to the author.