The Convent of Santa Iria stands in a place where there might have been an ancient monastery prior to take Castle foundation and where lived the mythical Santa Iria, but obviously that all these facts are legendary, as the oldest piece that there is a Roman tombstone with a bull, next discovery Would holy convent; will the tombstone still exists after the restoration made in 2014?If not was committed another barbaric create against our heritage. Photograph I retired I can not aim. Was it a place of Christian worship and previously Mithraic? This territory that would be chosen by the Templars for your sacred geography center.
The legend of Santa Iria
Santa Iria is remembered, in the days of today in two ways: by written legend with the church vision and, secondly, through orality, Romanceiro no traditional Iberian.
While the church is best known version written by Almeida Garrett registration, version of orality is collective consciousness of the Portuguese people. The hagiológica legend became more known for insertion that Almeida Garrett promoted in magnificent novel Travel in my land.
Would Tomar (also known as Santa Irene, is a legendary martyr to Tomar (old Selium or Nabância). The whole story that follows is legendary and has no scientific record, but it is very beautiful and important to understand all this territory.
In the Visigoth time domain were several temples on the left bank of the river, where was the city of Sellium.
Where is the church of Santa Maria do Olival was a monastery of friars. A few meters, where is the cemetery, would be the small church of S. Pedro Up. Next to the little church was home to the powerful governor where he lives with his son Britaldo. Below, next to the Old Bridge, where is the convent of Santa Iria, was the female Benedictine monastery, It would be there that was a nun.
Iria was very beautiful, of a beauty so wonderful as untouchable, because the young man was devoted totally to God and religious life.
Soares was in love with her. The passion was overwhelming, because that love was powered by the Devil himself, tells the legend.
After all do to Iria correspond to his passion, without success, Soares became seriously ill. Would visited him. I told him I loved him yes, but as a brother. If he loved her the same way, soon pass him that serious disease for which no medical cure found.
After listening to, Soares was overcome by jealousy and replied:
– If you give someone the love that I deny, I or someone will kill you. After this, Would come again in peace to his monastery and Britaldo improved rapidly.
But the devil did not give up and found another victim to fall into his temptations. This time it was Remigio, the monk who had chosen Celio, for its high culture and good principles, to be a teacher Niece.
The monk completely changed his respectful behavior and began to bother the young nun with their passion proposals. When Would caught her attention to this change, as their behavior was not proper for a man who dedicated his life to God, Remigio was furious.
Feeling rejected, the friar pretended repentance and gave drink to his student one made potion of certain herbs. The result was that was going belly began to swell, as if the young nun was pregnant. Anyway holy potions that pregnant women, sem that you are innocent coitadinhas, deem account.
Remigio, not satisfied with what he had done, spread the lie, leading everyone to think that would not be as faithful to God as they said. For if she was pregnant!…
Britaldo grew mad with rage and sent for Banao, his servant. Orders that gave him met the threat he had made to Iria:
"If you give someone the love that I deny, I or someone will kill you. '
And behold, we are in a normal episode possessive violence of the insane man about his wife object, and so does the history of mankind in which the woman is dominated by evil men, without giving account, until wake of his ingenuity and gets his release, sometimes with death, sometimes having to carry all the weight of his life ingenuity with immense suffering; well but let us return to Banao who mounted guard near the river and realized that the young, when he was born the day, left the cloister to pray at the margins. Sword in hand, that's when Banao attacked, on 20 October 653.
One last time proposed to let her live, if promised his love to Britaldo. As always, Would surrendered to God and Banao just around the decapitated, launching, after, his body to the river.
The body of murdered virgin Nabão ran down and went to the river Zêzere, followed then the Tagus and landed in front of Santarém. The Convent of Santa Iria there is still caught in the cloister where it is located symbolically the place of his death.
In Sellium, everyone thought the sudden disappearance of Iria was due to the shame she felt for the 'pregnancy'. Only Uncle, Celio made no judgments in haste, tonight, after their prayers, went to bed with great sadness. But sleep brought him a dream.
The next morning, Celio did wake up and gather all the religious and noble Sellium. During his dream, had to the view of everything that had happened and then led them to the Tagus, front of Santarém. There arrivals, legend has it that the river waters were opened to the place where the body was of Santa.
Every year, a 20 October, takes place the procession of Santa Iria, on the same day she was killed by Banao in Nabão.A procession of banks begins with the beautiful ritual of throwing petals of red roses at the place of death, next to the convent of Santa Iria.
To retain their memory and miracle, the Escálabis of village built you a marble tomb. From then on, the city changed its name to Santa Iria, later Santarem. Centuries later, the waters of the Tagus opened again to reveal the tomb of Queen D. Elizabeth or King Dinis, that had put the pattern that today is, but this is just legend that was created to boost the canonization of Queen Isabel.
Some considerations about the legend of Santa Iria.
– How the dates are as accurate?
The legend existed, the data, occurring somewhere in the Visigoth period, a world of transition between the Visigoths and Romans. There is no old author source of the legend.
– The Greek word means peace Eirene, as the term Jerusalem, concept symbolized by the olive branch (Santa Maria do Olival), whose fruit is obtained light (physics, because Alumia, and spiritual because anoints) and the dove of the Holy Spirit, represented within the Vale of Capelo inside the chapel of Santa Iria.
-Interesting to know that Iria is the daughter of the noble Hermínio and Eugenia, in other words, Hermes and daughter of Genius or Place of the Spirit;
-Would Benedictine is a direct allusion-monga the relationship between the monks of St. Benedict (whose monastery originated Santa Maria do Olival)
– Would is decapitated by Banao, reminiscent immediately the word Nabão.
-Standard de Santa Iria, built in 1775, has a funny story to tell because it is said that if the river reach the neck of the holy, then the Baixa is completely flooded. It is further said that the angels had built a tomb for her that with the retreat of the waters came ashore. As divine work that was, became humanly impossible to open it and D. Dinis or Santa Isabel, to recall the legend, he built that place a statue to the holy, as stated above is a legend to overlap with another legend.
The monument's there is already eighteenth century; as would be the oldest monument?
– As for the Visigoth world in Tomar, who go to see the castle wall find a rare tombstone Visigoth;
-Santa Iria part of the set of "Holy Martyrs decapitated" the special devotion of the Templars, as there is the epitome beheaded head of John the Baptist, but we still have Santa Catarina or Santa Quiteria, is associated with Coimbra, there even in Beira Pombeiro (Arganil) a sanctuary with great pilgrimage. A beautiful representation of the Beheading of St. John the Baptist can be seen in Gregory Lopes painting in the Church Taking matrix.
– I've seen him call so much the miracle worked by men, but potion Father Remigio, is completely new ...
Convento de Santa Iria began as a gathering of devout ladies set beside the River Nabão. It was in 1467 that a noble lady, widow of the Infante D farm overseer. Henrique, purchased “site” Santa Iria, sending build on the site a house and respective chapel, whereupon with daughters. In 1523, at the request of one of the founder of daughters, the collection passed to the Santa Clara order. In 1536 the chapel and the home of the gathering were rebuilt and enlarged at the expense of Peter Moniz da Silva, brother of Brother Anthony of Lisbon, Commander of the Order of Christ, reposteiro D-mor. Manuel and chief steward of Cardinal D. Henrique. Data as of this time the structure of the convent of Santa Iria that today possibly see a work of João de Castilho workshop, then working in the works of Christ Convent.
The interior of the small church is rectangular in plan, comprised of the volumes of the ship, the chancel, the sacristy and chapel of laterally adjoining Valleys.
The Church of Santa Iria features a Renaissance portal on the facade decorated with grutesco reasons reliefs and medallions, which holds no data eardrum 1536, allusive to the rebuilding of the temple, and through a window built next to the portal, with similar frame. The inner space consists of a single nave, being ornamented by a decorative program fully implemented in the seventeenth century.
The nave is covered by coffered ceiling painted with ornaments brutesco by Tomar painter Domingos Vieira Serrão (allocation of decorative ceiling paintings), buried in the ship's deck; and its walls are lined with carpet tile “Diamond clock”. The main chapel space is covered by a vault, also painted, here with figuration in trompe l'oeil.
THE CHAPEL OF COUPONS The Chapel of the Valley, which was built in the mid-sixteenth century by D. Miguel Valley is made in Middle Jurassic limestone, ie in "Ançã Stone". Dear reader, let's talk a little about the interesting sculpture iconography of this chapel?
All figures are related to the passion and the resurrection of Christ. Christ is crucified on a cross "T" or "Tau" iconographic rarity breeding and characteristically Templar, accompanied by characters from the ordeal- the Virgin Mary, Are Evangelista, St. Mary Magdalene, Martha Mary Cleophas, with the figures of a centurion, four horsemen, seven pedestrians and a greyhound. This dimension is reinforced by the love bond that gird the tunic of Christ, or two angels there fit the crucified. The moment there is represented corresponds to the passage- "Woman behold your son" and "John behold your mother"
The cloister of the convent cinquecentist, could not be seen, is quadrangular, with Tuscan arch surmounted by gallery with capitals of the same order. After the extinction of the religious orders in 1834 and the last nun dead, one year later, the convent was sold at auction, having had since different owners who used the structure built for different purposes. Now only the church is in good condition, all other attachments are a calamitous ruin that you can not visit. Currently there is a project to transform the old convent in a tourist accommodation facility.
Very interesting is the Cunhal the outside, facing the river Nabão and which towers over the Santa Iria caught and displays a niche with the holy image, below was salvaged and placed in a stone wall with an embossed bull that may be related to the Mithraic cult. This stone was found in the road opening connecting the church of Sant Maria do Olival.
What is the meaning of this piece? That relationship may have with Tomar saying ": "For Santa Eireia, takes the oxen and seeds? And with Take castle setting that evokes the constellation Boeiro ie for the norther or seven oxen led by Arcturus? Or the worship of the Holy Spirit here assumes, special features, with the Feast Of Trays, National event that steers assume a specific function. On Friday procession of trays takes place the procession Butler, which symbolizes the entrance into the city of the sacrifice of oxen, in the past, were to be slaughtered for meat distribution. Formerly was called Procession of the Holy Spirit Bois; Today is an important procession of chariots and horsemen, with ox teams to head. All these facts lead us to the cult reminiscences Mithraic; has he been practiced in Tomar?
The Mithraic cult was one of the most important of the Roman Empire. Mitra is the god of the sun, of wisdom and war in the Persian mythology. Over the centuries, was incorporated into the Roman mythology. Also represented the Good and the release of matter. Was identified with the sun, traveling every day for the sky with his carriage to drive away the dark forces. It was one of the most popular Persian deities. With its adoption by the Romans, became especially popular with soldiers, he was offered bulls.
The symbol was the bull Mitra, used in sacrifices to the deity. The death of the bull, would represent the Moon, was characteristic of this mystery and thus represent the sunlight as the winner. From the second century, the worship of Mithra was the most important in the Roman Empire and many shrines (mitreus) were constructed. Most were underground chambers, with banks on each side. Cult images were painted on the walls, and, one of them, appeared, often, Partners, who killed the sacrificial bull. The main event of the cult was the sacrifice of a bull, whose blood was reaching forth life to immortality; just look here the parallels between the bull symbol and the death of Christ.
Interestingly pick it up where it says that killed Santa Iria is a vaulted gallery overlooking the river Nabão.
Some peculiarities of Mithraism were added to other religions, as Christianity. For example, since antiquity, the birth of Mithra was celebrated in 25 Dec. (same date of Christmas Jesus adopted in the current calendar). Mithraism went into decline after the adoption of Christianity as the official religion of the Roman Empire. The main reason for the decline of Mithraism against Christianity was Mithraism not be as inclusive as the Christian religion. The cult of Mithra was only allowed to men started in a ritual that occurred only at certain times of the year.
The cult of Mithras lost, Christianity won but for several centuries were opponents. In Portugal the Mithraic cult was incorporated into Christian worship, There ainda na bullfighting culture and as archaeological objects, have scarce findings: in Troy, here with a Crimping marble sarcophagus and an important Mithraic relief and Beja a cult plate, Really Take to sodality is a source of mystery and innuendo, is here one more in the convent of Santa Iria.