Historic village of Linhares da Beira (Celorico da Beira) (***)

Historic village of Linhares da Beira (Celorico da Beira) (***)

Knew Linhares da Beira located on the face Northwest Natural Park of Serra da Estrela (****), It is one of the most beautiful historical villages of Portugal?

Place names

Linhares da Beira owes its name to Linen, it was widely grown in this region.

Chronology

Roman Empire-Probably here the Romans. Until the mid-twentieth century the road was still traveled by mule drivers and so has this name.

900- Alfonso III of Leon conquest Linhares the Moors but immediately Muslims to reconquer.

1055/1064- Fernando Magno, during his campaign Borders, will have it conquered.

1169- D. Afonso Henriques gives it a charter in which the locality comes up with the name of Linares

1198 and 1217, charters successively D. Sancho I e D. Afonso II.

Thirteenth century, contruídas were the two churches that still exist today (current matrix and the Mercy) and hostel.

1291- D. Dinis reform the castle and 1306 establishing the fair. The castle is now an essentially built work in the time of King Lavrador.

Sixteenth century- In the time of King Manuel gift, which gives it a new charter in 1510, the village goes through a period of development, still evident, the large number of buildings of this era, some with beautiful Manueline windows.

John III promoted to the county seat and donates it to Dom Antonio de Noronha, also Captain-General of Linhares da Beira will hold up to the 4th Earl of Linhares.

1640-This loses the title of Count of Linhares to have followed the party of Philip III.

1855-The Linhares municipality of Beia is extinguished.

1994- Linhares da Beira is part of the Program of Historic Villages of Portugal.

The reason being the coat of Linhares da Beira
However, Peace did not last long and the period of instability continued during the reign of Sancho I. In 1189 the troops of León and Castile invaded Portugal, while surrounded the Castle Celorico da Beira (*), the mayor of Beira Linhares used a new moon night and marched to the rescue to his brother the Mayor of Celorico. A great battle was fought in Celorico da Beira with Lusitanian victory that forced the army to retreat Leonean. Evoking the aid of Our Lady of the Azores. Tradition tells us that this fight will have been caught at night and still be taken shall be given at the New Moon, but the light from that star suddenly intensified brightness being a powerful ally of Celorico Castle advocates of Beira (*). For this razão, the Linhares and Celorico da Beira flags exhibit a growing and six stars. Hence the traditional pilgrimage became popular, a 3 May, The Chapel of the Lady of the Azores.

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The town and its castle were involved in World War II that D. Fernando Henrique moved against Castile, having been surrounded and taken by the forces of this when, invading Portugal for Beira, early 1373, They marched to Viseu de Almeida, and hence over Lisbon. With the passing D. Fernando, to open crisis 1383-1385, the mayor of Linhares, Martim Afonso de Melo, D took the party. Beatrice and John I of Castile, Been falling under the Master of Avis domain, this gave the landlord of the village Ega Coelho, Hidalgo your confidence (14 August 1384), soon succeeded by Martim Vasques da Cunha that would highlight, ahead of the people of Linhares, at the Battle of San Marcos in Trancoso, in spring 1385 the second most important of the Crisis 1383-1385, after Aljubarrota .
Linhares da Beira is one of the most beautiful villages of Portugal
While wandering through the village, labyrinthine streets with granite dominating all buildings, will be faced with a village where reigns a rustic nobility of rare charm. The homes have features that quickly draw our attention: granite facades, tombstones with dates referring to its construction, coats and many Manueline windows.
The occupation of the structure of the old village of Linhares da Beira combines the kind of medieval feature (XIII-XIV century) with significant development in the sixteenth century. In this century the village will have reached the close configuration of the current.

Jews in Linhares da Beira
Have existed in Linhares, fork judiaria, taking into account the names in the processes of the Inquisition. Given the likely characteristics of the houses that were used for trade and residence, the Jewish quarter would be located near the home of the footbridge. The lodgings are characteristic signs: betting crosses on door jambs, dates with references to the construction of houses, symbols and other markings.

The Jewish House (Footbridge)
Beneath an arch is the Home of Jewish Manueline. Here there may have been a synagogue, which formerly communicated with the attached homes, of which now remain only boarded doors. On the second floor there is a Jewish cabinet. This housing is still possible to observe one of the finest examples of Manueline-style windows of the village.

linhares-the-border (1)
Castle Linhares da Beira (*)
The whole village is "crowned" by the castle which is situated 800 meters of altitude.

We had a strategic function is an advanced bastion of the Beira Alta system for the first time Nationality, defending a region where the Serra da Estrela, Finishing and enabled quick access to Coimbra, Lisbon and the remaining coast of the river Mondego area. So this line of defense we have the castles of the Guard, Marialva, Moreira King, Trancoso, Linhares da Beira, having also existed other castles in the region.

The castle was thoroughly rebuilt in the thirteenth century by Dom Dinis. Bastion of defense at the time of the reconquest and wars with Castile, Castle boasts two strong crenellated towers. The Homage to balconies with boulders, open rooftop, from where walls and clock tower, which has inside a grandfather clock running, as models of the seventeenth century.

Access is via three doors, one exigua, and therefore known as treason door. No yard debris tank.
The panorama from the castle walls is remarkable, open to the valley of the Mondego, and the plateau Ovens Algodres, where you envision the beautiful village of Algodres (*), Castro Santiago (*) and the settlement of Fraga da Pena (*).

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Lumber, paint Grão Vasco (*) Linhares da Beira?
A Igreja Matriz, rebuilt in the seventeenth century, but of Romanesque origin, guard inside three valuable boards of sixteenth-century paintings that many authors attribute the Onix, that may be a lost polyptych and representing: The Adoration of the Magi, Descent from the Cross and the Annunciation.

The Forum Linhares da Beira

In a square border Linhares, stands another historic gem, considered exemplary only, we speak of a rustic Tribune, ruin of a medieval forum with the village of weapons, with a bank around, where Community decisions were taken and held trials: Right next opposite the former Town Hall is the stylish pillory with armillary sphere Manueline style cage.

The Church of Mercy, the lodge and the legend of the Lady crowbar
There were two parishes in the village, Our Lady of the Assumption (formerly of Santa Maria) and the Santa Isidoro, who also suffered changes and where in 1576, was instituted to Mercy, had next to his hospital in Hostels.
This temple known extensive remodeling in 1622, as the goal date epigrafada. In the side view can be seen a vestige of the early construction: the door in Broken Bow, with protruding imposed and the tympanum decorated with geometric motifs. Within this monument two works of painters of the School Grão Vasco can be enjoyed, representing Egypt Escape and Worship and also a mercy flag with a lady of Mercy of the second half of the sixteenth century by an unknown master.
In front of hostel, of Romanesque origin functioned as Mercy Hospital, cujas Gargul introduce zoomorphic figures that connect people to the legend of the Lady crowbar. It was in this building, in the lower window, next door that worked the Wheel. But the history of this monument is earlier because Linhares will be provided 1211 one hostel mentioned in the testament of Dom Sancho I, which became known as the hostel Mondego, whose task was to relieve the poor and give shelter to pilgrims and travelers who passed through here. The old inn from 1576 shall be on the administration of Mercy Linhares da Beira. The façade can observe a niche with the image of S.to Antonio and two gargoyles related to the legend of “Lady crowbar”, representing the devil and another goat.

Albergaria linhares

The Legend of the Goat Lady Foot

"D Vivia. Lopa in a house in Linhares. It was very good. I had a servant who was very fond, but it was the Devil, without love to know.
D. Lopa found himself ill and needed to confess. By a miracle of God, He appeared in the people a friar, it was St. Anthony, but no one knew. D. Lopa wanted to confess to him, but the friar told him that only if she confessed send away the maid.
- That I do not, what is the best set I've had.
- Come ash or flour.
He came to Gray, the maid went over and was signed in the gray shape of the foot of Devil's Goat. The saint made him exorcisms and he disappeared and broke out there, at the foot of a fig tree. Said: APRA! ("opens") and this word was recorded on a cobbled stone. In such a house is the San Antonio image in a niche, in reference to the legend. "1

The fantastic story of the lady with foot Goat, It appears to us with different versions of the tales Legends and Narratives, elaborated by Alexandre Herculano, whose legend would have been extracted from Conde D Strains of the book. Peter and other Historic village, Marialva, where the story unfolds in a listed building that now hides a Roman temple dedicated to Jupiter or another legend of Moorish with crowbars in Torre Dona Chama (Mirandela).

Besides the historical and aesthetic interest, Linhares da Beira is a pair of Sierra Alvaiázere (*), one of the best spots for paragliding in our country.
Linhares da Beira is one of the most beautiful in the whole country and deserves our care and highlighted.

1-Vasconcellos, J. milk Popular tales and legends II Coimbra, By order of the university, 1966 , p.655

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8 Comments Historic village of Linhares da Beira (Celorico da Beira) (***)

  1. Nuno Soares says:

    Dear Castile:
    Congratulations on this beautiful article about one of my favorite villages!
    A hug,

  2. Isabel Forte says:

    Olá Carlos:
    My congratulations for yet another fabulous article, despite knowing this wonderful village, not know their history, I was very pleased.
    Vote of a good sequel.
    To beijinho

  3. Castile says:

    Isabel Strong: Thanks friend by your words all the best for you and your princess.
    For António Cunha: Thanks for the kind words.

  4. ROGERIO SILVA DE OLIVEIRA says:

    VERY COOL, EVEN !!
    ROGERIO SILVA DE OLIVEIRA
    Linhares / ES

  5. Ana Linhares says:

    Beautiful city, Cute stories….I'm curious, for even understood relationship with my name familia.Obrigada

  6. Fernando Aragon says:

    SOLAR OF PINAS / SOLAR OF ARAGON AND COSTA PINA
    Solar Pina Aragon and Costa is so designated in the face of constant heraldic elements of weapons of stone, Baroque, with regional characteristics.
    Residential Architecture, eclectic. Solar with two floors, composite rectangular plan and gable roof. Murários cloths topped by pilasters and asymmetrical composition. Portal topped with bay window, both arched shot, the remaining spans of straight lintel, with or without protruding frame. With curved pediment integrating stone weapons. Floor booked ground stores. The partitioning of the main floor has reference to the longitudinal corridor and integrates large patio.
    CATEGORY: Monument
    DESCRIPTION: Two-storey building with composite rectangular, result of the juxtaposition of different construction phases, covered with gable roof. A main facade, West oriented, shows three cloths, two of which are delimited by pillars: one with narrower front for the stone masonry, the main cloth and a third cloth, slightly indented. It is the main cloth that opens the arched doorway slaughtered, flanked by two mullioned windows and another door also access to shops. The main floor, and centered on the axis of the portal, ripping the bay window in depressed arch, whose frame extends on the cornice. Laterally there were several windows of straight lintel and protruding frame. The top shot consists of the cornice, interrupted by the curved pediment centered integrating stone weapons. The side elevational S. is blind, while on the opposite side are two doors, one with lintel and doorposts beveled, which is accessed by a flight of steps. The rear elevation, hidden from the street by the wall bordering the street, comprises two panels. In the equivalent area to the main cloth opens up small windows of straight lintel and frameless that illuminate the 2nd floor, because the upper windows longer correspond to the attic level. This cloth is finished with cornice of half-round. The other body shows a small atrium discovered, beside which stood the kitchen, observing the date of 1859 on the wall. The internal space is divided into two wings. The ground floor is fully occupied by shops, paved with pebble often. From here you can only access when walking through wooden stairs service. The absence of a centralized cash stairs requires that the process the 2nd floor is done through the back, next to the kitchen, where one can see the old entry, with three arched doorways slaughtered. The partitioning of the main floor is done through a long corridor that runs through the building, and the division of the two wings marked only by a door. The broader divisions and better lit, including the auditorium, are you finding-oriented to a front da house, while the rear portion includes smaller compartments. A ala N. communication has to oldest building area, where once stood the kitchen. The floors are soalhados and ceilings have wooden lining, as in the attic.
    PROTECTION: Included in the Special Protection Area of ​​the Castle of Linhares.
    LEVEL: Building or together with typological value, stylistic or historical or forming part of the built mass, whose structural elements and architectural quality characteristics or historical significance should be preserved. Included in this group the objects built as a cultural heritage property.
    BACKGROUND: Urban. It is located in the highest part of the village and declivosa. It occupies almost the whole of the east of the Pinas Street, a narrow road, parallel to Straight Street and is a secondary connection to Church Square. It, especially from the main floor, possible to obtain a panoramic view of the Castle and the natural surroundings. In addition to the adjoining patio with the building, part of the property another block located east of the Outeiro Street, including horticultural space and recreation area before gardened. Nearby is still visible a separate building, with patio, where stood the stables.
    ADDITIONAL DESCRIPTION: said street building, Although not part of the same Matrix Article, presents compartmented transversely by masonry walls, therefore comprising three uneven grounds. The first enclosure, jardinado, includes access to the property and includes a square tank, keeping their channels and surrounded by walls and benches. This is a vast area cultivable (the old garden), divided into three uneven levels due to topographical irregularities. Interest in this area is that part of small leisure areas, through the use of dividing walls and taking advantage of the organization of several flights of stairs, are observed banks and window boxes in stone, an area where the ground arises often paved with pebble.
    In the next room there has been a sustained shed by big pillar with beveled edges belonging to the area of ​​the old stables. Beside there is the ancient home of the forge, with direct access to the public highway.
    SEASON OF CONSTRUCTION: XVI, Eighteenth century.
    CHRONOLOGY:
    Czech. XVI - sixteenth century Construction of the first family home, Solar Pina Aragon and Costa; given the presence of bevelled vain (na integrated zone north wing);
    Czech. XVII, in 1859, date epigraph on the outside wall This, for the construction of the present cooking (internalizing the old entry) and a main facade remodeling.
    SPECIAL FEATURES:
    Juxtaposition of various construction phases, includes sixteenth century building with bevelled portals. Asymmetrical composition showing the portal and the off-center gable and mismatched, which may indicate the presence of an unfinished building. Conjugation of three types mantel. Main staircase of absence, making to use for the walk through the rear elevation. Terrace with sheds. Garden and recreation area, with benches and flower boxes in stone, located in a separate block, as as cavalariças.
    MATERIALS: Granite, masonry and stone, with and without coating towed; wood, tab tile and straw.
    SPECIFICATIONS: Walls autoportantes.
    ORIGINS OF FAMILY PINA: The family first was Jordan Pina, born in the year 1194, with family Solar in Pina Village, in the Kingdom of Aragon, Spain. Was a descendant of Jonathan Fernandes Pina, was the first in this realm (of Portugal) who had the nickname Pina, Natural Pina Village, where their ancestors had their solar. Was ambassador of the King of Aragon, D. Peter III (1239-1285), having accompanied the future Portugal Rainha Santa Isabel (daughter of the same D. Peter III), by marriage so contracted with our King D. Dinis.
    It descended the Pinas Guard (Linhares da Beira) and Évora, Family tree, published by Martin de Mendonça Pina and Proenca, in 28 July 1719.
    REFERENCES:
    – MAN, Martin de Mendonça Pina and Proenca, Literate, Estrangeirado and Guarda-Mor of Tombo Tower, appointed by Royal Charter of 28 August 1742, published the "Tree of Pina Aragon Family
    – Family Memories of manuscripts (div.), Personal Archive;
    – Sources Historiográficas:
    i) Dictionary of the History of Portugal, You. Joel Serrao. Life. Figueirinhas;
    ii) Encyclopedic Dictionary of the History of Portugal, Publication Alfa
    iii) Encyclopedic Luso-Brazilian Culture, Word Editor.
    – OLIVEIRA, Manuel Ramos, Celorico da Beira and your county, Celorico da Beira, 1939,
    – NEVES, Victor Pereira, Three Jewels Forgotten, Marialva, Linhares and Castelo Mendo, Castelo Branco, 1993.
    – ABRANTES, Leonel, Linhares Ancient and Noble Vila da Beira, Folgosinho, 1995
    – SIPA, Information System for the Architectural Heritage.
    Photographic Documentation: IHRU, DGEMN / DSID
    Linhares da Beira, 15 August 2014
    Luis Fernando Montenegro Pina Aragon

  7. John Mimoso (from Linhares) says:

    Good chronology. English translation could be better.

  8. Rita@PortugalNotável says:

    Thank you, John! The translation is automatically made by google! We will try to improve it. If you have any questions or something you would like to add, please feel free to contac us! :)

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