Mount St. Bartholomew:
The next time it is beautiful Nazaré beach (*) have to repair a bit before coming to a same magmatic mound that rises abruptly from the middle of pine woods and on top of which targets a small chapel and a sentry box lookout. But from now inform you that the climb requires good breath.
Formerly known as Monte Seano, the Mount St. Bartholomew (or São Brás) magmatic intrusion is surrounded by sand dunes and the extensive pine forest of Leiria (*). Made predominantly of gabbro, is a natural occurrence geomorphological, of origin of intrusive magmatism occurred in the upper Cretaceous (99,6 million and 65,5 million years ago, about), materialized in inselberg abrupt relief, que atinge 156 meters of altitude, and crops out in a spectacular way by breaking differential erosion, highlighting about 100m above the plane of the surrounding eolian sands. The Northwest stands another gábrico lot also in good visual highlight.
Mount St. Bartholomew / S. BRAS is, rated from 1979, as geomonumento, the geology of igneous origin here emerges a spectacular way, and its undeniable natural and scenic value, without forgetting the historical interest in connection to the legend of the image of Our Lady of Nazareth.
Currently Mount St. Barolomeu is surrounded by sand dunes and extensive pine forest of Leiria being considered, therefore, an "island" of Mediterranean flora endemic, that highlights the dominant maritime pine in the region. The two slopes of the hill are distinct and 32ha which constitute the classified area offer the unexpected diversity of around 150 types of vascular plants (which 15 are endemic Iberian). A encosta This, more sheltered, allows for development of a greater amount and variety of vegetation, that affects those higher dimensions that exist in the Western slope, more exposed to wind and more intense heat. Among the predominant plant species are the executioner, the arbutus and Aderno. On birds one can admire the kestrel and Eagle Wing Round. On the mound, a 156 meters of altitude, accessible by stairs, the grandeur of the landscape is remarkable. Here is a forest guard and guardhouse stands the chapel of St. Bartholomew which was part of a hermitage whose dependencies private and small public churchyard are, still, noticeable.
The patron saint of the chapel associated with an episode of Legend of Nazareth where it says that, in the year 711, when King Rodrigo and Roman friar arrived there, Muslims runaway winners of the Battle of Guadalete, brought with them the sacred image of Our Lady of Nazareth and a small safe, ivory, Bra with relics of St. Bartholomew and St..
Every year the 3 February, Feast of Saint Blaise, the population of Nazareth travels to Monte massively there to celebrate the day with food, dances and revelries. This great secular pilgrimage made locally is designated the Monte de São Brás.
Mount St. Bartholomew was also called Monte Siano. Expression associated with Mount Zion or the City of Zion as another way of naming Jerusalem. The fishing community of Nazareth calls it Mount Saião
Geographic coordinates of this geomonumento: 39º 35 '34.32'' N and 9 º 03' 06.23''
A great text on the hill of Saint Bartholomew