Archaeological Museum of Fundão (*)

5 Reasons why you should visit the Archaeological Museum of Fundão

1-Being a space defense and safeguard of Archaeology Pit Edge
2- For its rich archaeological heritage in general,but which include:
3- The Stele of Roof;
4- The Estela-Meñir of Corgan
5-Far from Trebaruna

The Archaeological Museum of Fundão (Municipal José Monteiro) is located in the historic center, Solar Hawk in Elvas and structure originates from the sixteenth century. The works of most rides were made in the eighteenth and twenty-first centuries that allowed the opening of the Museum in 2007.
I think whenever a place to live is one that protects us against natural and human elements consciously or inadvertently damaged in trying it when enemies are not inside. If so is it with people the same goes for art objects that come from a region must have their "home" in that territory.
After you have studied correctly and museological value must be protected and displayed to the public in the appropriate spaces. It is a mistake many heritage objects with tourist value are moved to other museums (mainly for the National Museum of Archaeology) where are, sometimes boxed, esconsas in catacombs in reserve fund, when in their county of origin could be an economic asset for the local tourism.
Perhaps for this reason the county decided to build Fundão Fundão Archaeological Museum to house the rich collections that have been discovered.
The Archaeological Museum of Fundão besides being a site of archaeological exhibition, is also a center of cultural promotion, scientific and pedagogical.
"It offers several services, permanent showroom (which brings together archaeological pieces ranging from prehistory to the end of the Roman Period) to the temporary exhibition space, through the auditorium, conservation and restoration laboratory, library specializing in History and Archaeology, space and an Internet café. “1
Archaeological Museum of Fundão has a permanent showroom that brings together pieces that allow a chronological invested by three major periods: Prehistory (Paleolithic, Mesolithic, Neolithic and Chalcolithic), Proto-history (Age of Bronze and Iron) and Roman Period (population, daily and epigraphy).

Two of the most important archaeological discoveries of the Portuguese in the XXI century in the archaeological museum of Fundão

Between the rich collections of the museum include archaeological 3 parts. Very recently it was discovered in May 2012 a stele of the Bronze Age, with 2,70 meters high in agricultural land of the village of Roof; is the largest monument of this kind so far discovered in the Iberian Peninsula. You can see here Video on the stele Roof.
The discovery of the stele and Mosaic with scenes of the Aeneid, in Alter do Chão, are the most important in the twenty-first century Portuguese archeology from the point of view of aesthetic and tourist. So recent is the discovery that I have not had the aprazimento of viewing.
Statue-Meñir Site Corgan
A recent finding another, and yes we have seen this, was the statue-menhir of Corgas, from the village of Floors, freguesia woman.
The spectacular statue menhir of Corgas, Identified in 2008, corresponds to a reuse of a menhir neo-Chalcolithic chronology at a later time (Age of Bronze).
I advise you to reread some articles published in Portugal Noted on menhirs and their meaning.
-Groats da Meada (Castelo de Vide)
-Menhir Maria Valley Parents (Penedono)
The statue-menhir of Corgas was carved on a large block of granite carved beige and two-sided, frontal e lateral. Features ovoid shape with a length of 2,80 m and a maximum width 0,65 m. Have a long old fracture in the face not decorated. It is therefore a phallic menhir reused at a later time, to which they sought to give an anthropomorphic aspect, namely delimiting the area of ​​the head by a "collar".
Decor features two side faces and front. Part of the grounds represented a figure bi-ancoriforme, a sword, webbing suspension and a fossete.
The iconography presented, we can frame this monument in the group of so-called Alentejo stelae or type I of the Bronze Age, a chronology attributable to the mid-second millennium BC; ie after the construction of a Neolithic menhir, few thousand years later reused men-in and carved a symbol of the power of the Bronze Age. This civilization was already owns the field of metallurgy, although the possession of weapons at that time was probably an exception, if not a luxury, revealing the status of the holder. Alongside these warlike elements appear cryptic ancoriformes, perhaps symbols of power.
The function of such monuments is still not peaceful among the authors who have studied the. For some are clearly funerary function working as grave covers or under M. Varela Gomes as true stelae, "Stelae and no caps" (2006, p. 50) placed upright at the grave of individuals with differentiated status, thus identifying the remains of warrior-chiefs.

Museu Arqueológico do Fundão com a Estela menir das Corgas
Estela Roof

Other authors argue for stelae decorated warrior or a function benchmarks, visible in landscape, signaling resources, passageways or boundaries of a particular group.
According to these authors may be related to the funerary world, not only in the sense of indicating the grave, but rather in the sense of celebrating the deceased or heroificação, being visible in the landscape references to those moving over territory.
At twenty five complete or fragmentary stelae known as stelae Alentejo encompassed in the Middle Bronze Age in southern Portugal, now joins this monument found in the county of Fundão. And that by their location and condition is one of the best originals that Portugal is alone worth a trip to the archaeological museum Fundão.
Trebaruna- The House of Secrets
Another striking the object arqeuológico museum Fundão is the altar dedicated to Trebaruna in the nineteenth century was discovered in its urban area together with other ara, the Goddess of Victory. Trebaruna would be a Lusitanian goddess of the Iron Age that, with the arrival of Roman religion, was related to the Goddess Victory, passing the two services to be executed in parallel. Certain is that the two altars are very similar and even been ordered by a soldier named Tongio the historic village of Idanha-a-Velha (***). The ara Trebaruna is older than ara victory. As we know it, asks the careful reader? This soldier went to war and came back and had to do another gravestone. Now he is a signifer, which is the standard port, the man who will boldly ahead in combat. The brave Tonguius, so back to Fundão, after finding success, promotion and glory and raises an ara Goddess Victory.
The ara Trebaruna has the following inscription.
“Tongio, son Tongétamo, Igeditano, (Nature of the Roman city that lies in the historic village of Idanha-a-Velha) soldier, dedicated this altar to Trebaruna, fulfilling gladly vote that had made him "
According to Leite de Vasconcelos, a brilliant writer “Religions of Lusitania”, the meaning of the name of Deity would “Secret House” ( do Celt “Trebo” = Home; “Run = secret, mystery”).
Also according to the Sage Ucanha, this Goddess began as a domestic genius inhabiting a home and protecting their residents, later going to be a warrior Goddess and evolving the Keeper of the Home for Goddess of War both functions could be concurrent in the same Divinity.

Trebaruna probably would be one of the main gods of the Roman pantheon age of Metals of Lusitania. I recall here a solitary ascent to Hillock of Fráguas (Guard) (*), where there is an inscription in addition to reference to other gods, associates the sacrifice of a sheep with “Trebaruna”.
What is the relationship between Nike and the Archaeological Museum of Fundão?
We were taking a coffee break, when I came back because I have not seen ara victory and walk together almost swore that she was at the museum; even though the Inquisition no longer exists, because the oath had been false and so do not know that abuse does not make me! Because ara learned later, is in the National Museum of Archaeology.
I'm fond of basketball and over the years I have always had some shoes with the Nike brand. But how many know what shoes? I have to give an explanation to buddies who usually play with me, but the reader as well as a friend not practice this sport also has the opportunity here to know the relationship between a brand of sportswear and vetustas stones installed in the archaeological museum of Fundão
Because Nike was a Greek goddess who personified victory, represented by a winged woman (behold the trademark symbol). The Romans designated the name Victoria for Nice, here also comes the name of the important French city.
The Nike brand was thus created for inspiration and direct allusion to the Greco-Roman Goddess, Nice first and then Win (this transposition of a Roman Greek), getting it its name and symbol that is allusive to the wings of the same deity. Already now one more note, was also common in ancient use as greeting or gesture of victory is a sign that it was with an open hand uniting all fingers except the thumb, forming a kind of asymmetrical V that still do.
To finish I can not forget to say that ara Victory reads:
Tôngio, son Tongetano, veteran soldier, Pori flagship of the second cohort of Lusitanos, complied willingly vote to Victory. Arduno, son Cominio, made {this monument)»
Ultimately, the archaeological museum of Fundão is to be congratulated, because they came to work this way enrich and extend the remarkable cultural heritage of Portugal. Only missing is the same Trebaruna be next to Victoria.
Additional References:
GOMES, M. In. (2006). Funerary stelae of the Middle Bronze Age Southwest Peninsular - The iconography of power. In Proceedings of the VIII International Congress of Steles Funeral. Lisbon: National Museum of Archaeology (The Portuguese Archaeologist; supplement 3), p. 47-62.
Lard, Carlos ...-A statue of Gorgas (Dan, Precipice), contribution to the study of the Bronze Age in Beira Interior (2009). Note: we have this work in PDF if you want we can send it.
Contact the Archaeological Museum Fundão:
Street Serrao 13-15 - Fundão
Such: 275 774 581
geral@museuarqueologicofundao.com This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
www.museuarqueologicofundao.com

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