"The Serra da Forca is far and ugly. Have pasture but worth? The last lost so much left there crying, both unburied corpse, punished much soul, that even the litanies of spring deviate and go wide. But it is in places so that the people cursed, perhaps to preserve the gossip of reason, like planting beautiful and exciting legends. And go to invent tesoiro that there was a wilderness of cursing. It is found that it was difficult. Buried between penedias, saved per thousand ghosts, who would have the courage to try the company? Nobody. And the hill there was still excommunicated blue in the distance, wild and haunted ".
New Tales of the Mountain, page 109, 8Edition- Miguel Torga
It is this beautiful wild landscape; happens to be around, the shale slopes boleado, nudity protected by an almost continuous blanket of weeds and undergrowth aromatic: gorse, estevas, interrupted here and there in its monotony by tilled land and by patches of almond and olive groves. And in the background the beautiful panorama of the River Douro. Here ends the quartz ridge, this huge wall that builds on the right bank of the Douro region Ash Sword of the tape – Mirandela. Although the rocks were older Ordovician orogenic its fantastic structure is due to the Alpine movements.
The chapel is dedicated to Our Lady of the Castle (also known as Our Lady of Joy), whose pilgrimage takes place in Pascoela. It was built on the ruins of coeval populations as evidenced by the remains of pottery found from various eras, medieval, Roman and Iron Age.
There is still a line of wall of coarse unit, quartzite stones formed by overlapping, marking off a perimeter subcircular. The designation “Castle” is related to the existence of a medieval castle, still used in the century. XII e XIII.
Afonso Henriques granted an important charter Urros (1182), the same type that used to be attributed to large towns. The previous Arab domination and conflict with the Christians living here, realize legends and traditions as the toponym of the killing at the end of the parish or the cave in the cliff where the Moors founded the chapel. About this Father Argote detail in the eighteenth century.
“… in the background of some high rocks, is an underground concavity, to which the vulgar call the hole on the inside of the Moors and has wide enough to walk five person paired. There were people who tried to investigate the length and order of this remarkable concavity, but, the sight of so much that ran inland, withdrew from the company: only testify that found within broad, formed in the manner of homes”. Also said that the diligent Pinho Leal said cave, "Made in the rock, passes beneath the hermitage …and tells the people that it was inhabited by Arabs…, still be giving evidence before Roman work, for its perfection, metal and probably mine ", had reason Pinho Leal.
It is indisputable that the top of the hermitage is implemented in a hinge of a fold, favorable place the occurrence of gold, that should have been explored here by the Romans.
The disappearance of the small castle may be related to the conflict between Dom Afonso II and her sisters, supported by Sancho I of León, that in this region were very violent, leading to the destruction and depopulation of some towns and villages.
Envision are other notable places, as is the case of viewpoint of St. Gabriel (*) and on the other side the hill Calabria, believed to have been the birthplace of the city of Calabria, seat of the Bishop in the century. VII with its remnants of wall.
Not advise the displacement normal car to the place, I confess that I tried and ran some risks – the traveler would shattering the poor basket!
Hermitage of St. Apollinaris
Leave your car in the churchyard of the Renaissance and Baroque church of St. Apollinaris and you can not fail to engage in more meaningful legend of our imaginary.
A hermitage of St. Apollinaris is a small rural shrine of pilgrimage, as evidenced by the existing childcare facilities overseas pilgrims.
The foundation of the temple took place in the fifteenth or sixteenth century, but could be founded on older other Mudejar influence, As can be seen in the use of brick on the main door in round arch. The church in the century 1719 was the subject of artistic enrichment coffered martyrdom of the saint, covering the mural that covered the church.
Inside is, only case in Portugal, the sarcophagus of St. Apollinaris of…Ravena, decorated with scenes of the saint.
Next to the chapel is a "holy power"- which is said to communicate with the river Douro (so the water that is in it's clear or cloudy as the river runs clear or cloudy). The cypress have been born from a drop of water from the river Douro, St. Apollinaris that there dropped while carrying a gourd.
According to local belief, o Santo, bishop of the city of Calabria, on the other bank of the Douro (Current na Quinta da Leda), would have been arrested by the Moors who tied him to two bulls who dragged him to the chapel site. St. Apollinaris was de facto bishop, but the Italian city of Ravenna, where he was martyred, not by the Romans but moirama; with their desires and sufferings, laid the solid roots of Christian history that city.
What is certain is that the relics of Saint Apollinaris of…Ravena there, stored in a tomb decorated Renaissance laterally with scenes from the life of the Holy and lying statue, based upon four corbels in the shape of lion head. Is placed on a rectangular coffin, em shale that, according to tradition was the early grave of St. Apollinaris; people ask their protection against intermittent fevers. An analysis would be interesting to bones that are in the grave; but science does not spoil the mystery attractive site?
Still tells us the famous antiquarian Pinho Leal "In some excavations that have been made by the hermitage, a complete portal appeared and several granite stones, rigged, quality of stone that no those sites - where there are only rocks of schist and quartzite; that we conclude that came here a few leagues away. In the past century (eighteenth century), Here were found several gold coins, silver and copper, and a large sink, Also granite ".
Because it is a concentrate of a temple, a "holy power" (linking up the river Douro and the cult of Águas) and a sacred tree, not be in the presence of an earlier Roman temple, subsequently replaced by the cult of the Holy Ravenna? But there are also other saints named Apollinaris as the bishop of Valence (France).
What is certain is that the name Apollinaris, reminds Apollo and probably similar to what happens elsewhere in the evocation of Apollinaris is practiced pagan sun worship or Apollo. Confirming this association is the belief that "a brave child", if you cross under the saint's tomb is cured, provided that if you devote a white cock, What is a solar symbol.
One of the tales of "New Tales of the Mountain" takes place in Urros?
Would not be here that Miguel Torga created his wonderful story "Sesame", wherein the shepherd Rodrigo, with a reputation for wacky and soul of an artist, instead of discovering "a great fortune hidden in the belly of a hill hill" discovered the miracle of the birth of life?
Now after so enigmatic visit, awaits a tough hike climbing, not advisable to people with lower fitness; and then cometh the Lady Castle Urros, an absolute wilderness embroiled in outstanding natural beauty, more an unlikely haven of wayfarers seeking to restore their spiritual harmony. Open-te, Sesame!
Source of Information:
http://www.jfurros.no.sapo.pt / freguesia.htm
LEAL, A. Pine - Portugal Ancient and Modern: Dictionary, 1.Edition, Lisbon, Libreria Editrice Mattos Moreira & Company, flight. III, 1874
Torga, Miguel- New Tales of the Mountain, 8Edition, 1944