Coa Valley Archaeological Park (*****)-A new life

Coa Valley Archaeological Park (*****)-A new life

The Archaeological Park of the Coa Valley (*****), it seems to resurface, with science to point new data for the joint occupation of Man sapiens modern man sapiens Neanderthal.
And yet the news of the renewal of the fleet and be able to visit the rock carvings in canoe.
Then, two articles taken from the newspaper Público.
The Neanderthals occupied the Coa Valley continuously (Between 350.000 a 35.000 a.C.).
A multidisciplinary team placed uncovered, in the Coa Valley, evidence showing “clearly” that the Neanderthals occupied continuously that territory before the arrival of Homo sapiens sapiens.
“The continued presence of the man of Neandertal, in outdoor camping, in the Coa Valley, It was proven with this archaeological record, archaeological compound polls, what makes this unique site in Europe”, Lusa said today the archaeologist Thierry Aubry, one of the Côa Park Foundation experts involved in the investigation.
The archaeological site of Salto do Boi / Cardina, near the village of Chãs, was discovered, through a set of probes, this “new to archeology”. For researchers, throughout the various layers evidenced in archaeological surveys made in this place you can see that the Neanderthals and Homo sapiens sapiens They occupied the same site for thousands of years, continuously, which lets you compare your way of life and give a context to the rock art in the Coa.
In place of the Ox Heels, with the river Coa at his feet, archaeologists and other technical excavated over the past two months more than five meters in depth, to come to the conclusion that some of the remains found belong to the time of occupation of Neanderthals (350.000 a 35.000 a.C.). “So far, we knew that the last Neanderthals occupied the Coa Valley in the period 60.000 and 35.000 a.C..
However, at the end of this last year surpassed the five meters deep where they found traces of the oldest occupations and successive sites of the Neanderthals”, creased archaeologist.
According to Thierry Aubry, inside the Iberian Peninsula just dated archaeological sites in the Middle Paleolithic, and what is known occupations are unique and not continued. “In this place, we have dozens of levels that show continuous occupation of hunter-gatherers Coa we can demonstrate to the study of the material collected. You can decode the transition between the last Neanderthals and the first modern men [the artists of the Coa Valley] who occupied the Iberian Peninsula”, He emphasized the archaeologist.

Coa Valley Archaeological Park

Coa Valley Archaeological Park

At this time, according to the archaeologist, there “archaeological data that will enable you to establish the Coa artists come to this place, after a long history of human occupation over 90 thousand years in the site of the Salto do Boi / Cardina”. “In these excavations, the idea was not to find beautiful pieces, but information that would allow us to see how people lived, what they did, They passed by or the actual group in these parts”, indicate the researchers involved in archaeological studies of the Coa Valley.
Now, the challenge for researchers is to understand why the Neanderthals and their descendants to choose the territory of Coa to perpetuate their rock art and continue the excavations more comprehensively. The hard core of this team of researchers consists of pictures of the Côa Park Foundation, to which are added various elements universities. The excavation project at the site of Salto do Boi / Cardina has funding from the Foundation for Science and Technology and the cooperation of the universities of Coimbra, Barcelona and Lisbon.
Engravings of Coa can now be visited by canoe
Initiative is included in the program marking the eight years of the Côa Museum and 22 years of the Archaeological Park of the Coa Valley, and runs until 19 of August.
Culture Minister, Luis Filipe Castro Mendes, It opened on Saturday in a symbolic way a new way to know the rock engravings of Coa, where visitors can enjoy this ancient art through canoe trips down the river.
these visits, this first phase, will cover emblematic sites of the Coa art like Canada do Inferno and Ribeira Robins. “The novelty of this tourism is to be able to observe the rock engravings from the river Coa. There are some pictures that really only canoe can be seen, and the spring and summer the best period for this purpose”, said the governor.
Castro Mendes “sponsored” this new initiative launched by the Côa Park Foundation (FCP) to attract visitors to this area which is a World Heritage site.
The Foundation Coa Park marks the eight years of the Coa Museum and 22 years of the Archaeological Park of the Coa Valley, of 28 of the July 19 August, this being an initiative you want to mark this date. A 10 August 1996 It was created Coa Valley Archaeological Park, recognition result of the extraordinary and most complex rock art paleolítica outdoor known today.

The FCP renewed vehicle fleet around the ground with the recovery of two longstanding and purchase two new vehicles. “This place is scientific research. But, given its heritage value, It must be made known to the visitors and it all combines to make this valley a center of knowledge”, He defended the Minister of Culture.
Each canoe trip may last half hour, along a defined path, where the art of the Coa is the starting point for the discovery of a region that is also rich environmental perspective.
For the president of FCP, Bruno Navarro, this is a sustainable way to visit the art Coa. “These visits also have an additional appealing where visitors can take a tasting of regional products for these new tourist routes of discovery of rock engravings of Coa Valley”, He stressed the responsibility.
The art of the Coa is also part of A Cultural Route of the Council of Europe, where sites are also represented as Altamira (Spain), Lascaux, Chauvet, Niaux (France) or valcamonica (Italy).
The rock art sites of the Coa Valley are located along the banks of the river Coa, especially in the municipality of Vila Nova de Foz Coa, extending over an area of 20 hectares covering the neighboring municipalities of Figueira de Castelo Rodrigo, Meda and Pinhel, in the district of Guarda.
The rock art in the Coa, inscribed on the List of UNESCO World Heritage Site since 1998, It was one of the most important archaeological discoveries of the Upper Paleolithic, in the late twentieth century, across Europe.
Upon discovery of the art of the Coa, in 1994, Portuguese archaeologists ensured to treat manifestations of the Upper Palaeolithic (20 a 25 thousand years ago) and be themselves before “one of the most fabulous archaeological finds in the world”.
Since August 1996, the Archaeological Park of the Coa Valley organizes visits to various nuclei of engravings, such as Penascosa, Canada's Inferno and Ribeira Robins.

References:
-https://www.publico.pt/2018/07/28/culturaipsilon/noticia/gravuras-do-coa-podem-agora-ser-visitadas-de-canoa-1839421
-https://www.publico.pt/2018/07/16/culturaipsilon/noticia/estudo-mostra-que-homem-de-neandertal-ocupou-vale-do-coa-de-forma-continuada-1838087

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