Pelourinho and Verraco of Bragança (*)- Gods Bears in Tras-os-Montes

Pillory of Bragança

The pillory of Braganza notable for its unusual mix. As we like to verracos, totems of pre-Roman peoples living center in Spain and Portugal Northeast, 've written three articles about them and where we reason about its origin and meanings, advise you not to lose so profitable and free reading. The monuments are:

The pillory of Braganza is situated in its relatively ignored by a monument not hold us both repair as Municipalis Domus and Castle with its spectacular castle keep.
Many tourists find it curious monument but sometimes do not get what they are seeing and their real value.
Well, then let's proceed with our narrative before the reader enfade.
Well dear reader, the pillory of Braganza engasta zoomorphic statue in a rough one “berrão”, known as “nut village” Iron Age, much older than the pillory.
However, the “berrão” or nut should be a rare bear, despite belonging to the same people who also sculpted the known berrões Murça and Tower D. Flame.
This unique and remarkable medieval pillory, this symbol municipalist Bragança carved in granite as usual lies in spiky bear. This is based on a punch with four octagonal steps of plant. The legs are short, result of the demolition caused by the starting of the work of its original place. The middle of the body there is a hump in it that was used to deploy the pillory.

The date of construction is uncertain pillory, date indicate that some readers century. XIII. Braganza also had a charter given by D. Manuel I em 1514; the donation charter manufacture it followed the usual construction of a new pillory in this style, and so it happened in most cases, nationwide, but in Bragança remained the old pillory.
"While it is true that it is not possible to date precisely this pillory, has been accepted by most authors treat yourself to work of the thirteenth century. Note that its Romanesque typology is not unpleasant to the taste manufacture, in the first decades of Five Hundred, when elements of the artistic repertoire of the early centuries of nationality were often reproduced.
The back is pierced by the berrão pillory column, which rests on the top step of the platform, and would be further secured to the sculpture through a spike through it horizontally, looking up the corresponding holes in her side. The shaft of the column is cylindrical and smooth, rising to over six feet tall, and stops the upper third of a ring stone; at the top fits a capital in wide cylindrical ring, where erupt four arms cross. Each arm, similar to a Gargoyle, is topped by morphological and zoomorphic representations, figuring two opposing figureheads, and also a bird and a dog. The intervals between the arms are filled with barely legible reliefs, apparently scenes of torture. Upon the capital rises a great fantastic figure- bocarra of open, serving as a lieutenant Arms, lodged between his four paws claw: on one side find themselves five corners and a castle (tower) ie the weapons of Bragança city ".1


In 1860 gives the transfer Pillory of Bragança, this stood beside the “Municipalis Domus”, building that would be consistent, given its relationship with the municipal authorities and perhaps were built at the same time, being led into the space formerly occupied by a missing church. Would be the year that the pillory of Braganza would be recessed in Bear totemic?
What is certain is that this union has a strange set, mas unprecedented and of great symbolic value.
After the reader to analyze live and photograph zoomorphic figure, which finds it, is a pig or a bear?
The Pillory Bragança should be restored with the purge of mosses and other botanical creatures that do not allow faithful reading of it.
1- Text from the IGESPAR

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